1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.
2 Boston MedFlight, Boston, MA.
3 Ornge – Ontario’s Air Ambulance and Critical Care Transport Service, Mississauga, ON, Canada.
4 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
5 Pediatric Critical and Intensive Care Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.
6 Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of California Davis Health, Sacramento, CA.
7 Department of Emergency Medicine/Center for Operational Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA.
8 Division of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA.
9 Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care Medicine, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock, AR.
10 Kaiser Permanente Regional Quality and Regulatory Services, Oakland, CA.
11 Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
12 Division of Trauma, Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR.
13 Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
14 Department of Surgery, Corporal Michael J. Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA.
15 Division of Traumatology, Surgical Critical Care & Emergency Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
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Drs. Wilcox, Cohen, and Frakes receive partial salary support from Boston MedFlight. Dr. Cohen disclosed that he serves as Chief Medical Officer for Boston MedFlight. Dr. Wax receives partial salary support from Ornge. Dr. Guyette receives partial salary support from STAT MedEvac. Dr. Kaplan received funding from the Society of Critical Care Medicine as President from February 2020 to February 2021. The remaining authors have disclosed that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.
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